X-ray diffraction is a technique that is used to help scientists analyze the molecular or atomic structure of a range of materials. Many of the materials that are analyzed are those which are to be used in medication. Materials such as these are known as bulking agents and they can help the medication to work better.
X-ray diffraction is known as being a non-destructive method to use. In addition to this, it works very well with crystalline materials. This is primarily why this method is used in a wide range of laboratory settings. Thanks to its reliability and ease of use, x-day diffraction is a method that many people use daily.
How Does X-ray Diffraction Work?
X-ray diffraction works by using wavelengths that are measured in nanometers. When these x-rays are scattered from a material, interference is caused. This interference results in low and high-density intensities. This is thanks to the interferences that are destructive and constructive.
3D shavings of the diffraction are a response to the wavelengths. The shavings come with a similar pattern to the spacing that is found in crystal lattices.
What Does X-ray Diffraction Measure?
X-ray diffraction can measure:
- The spaces that are located between rows of atoms that are layered within a substance
- The shape, size, and the stress of some crystalline areas
- The orientation of a grain or a crystal, even if they are individuals
- The crystal structure of a substance that is yet to be identified
These are some of the positives of X-Ray Diffraction, however, we will be taking a closer look at more of them now.
The Benefits of X-ray Diffraction
Some of the benefits of x-ray diffraction include:
- The measurement instruments are relatively easy to find
- It’s a very powerful tool for identifying materials and minerals
- The size of the sample needed for analysis is very small
- You can measure just about any type of material
- Interpreting the data that you have received is quite easy
- There’s a real potential for you to improve the health of people all around the world by using the right materials in medication
Which Industries use X-ray diffraction?
The following industries use x-ray diffraction:
- The pharmaceutical industry – Materials are examined so their composition is defined
- The world of forensic science – Trace substances such as hair are analyzed
- The geological world – Minerals are explored
- Glass manufacturers – Tiny crystals that could potentially cause defects are identified
- The world of microelectronics – Here, single crystal substrates are used to help manufacture integrated circuits.
While not every laboratory uses x-ray diffraction, it certainly is a very interesting method to use. Reliable, and with the potential to give you fast results, this method has been trusted by scientists all over the world.
While there are some limitations to using this method, x-ray diffraction is one of the most reliable. As you can see there are many benefits to using x-ray diffraction, which is why scientists continue to use it, even if there are more technologically advanced methods to use.